A Briefing of Black Metal

black metal is a genre that I enjoy a
lot it's raw
distorted dark and yet I find something
beautiful about it
in recent years black metal has seen
another surge of popularity in the music
scene and what this comes people either
digging the sound and wanting to learn
more or talking down on a due to his
unconventional ways and past
controversies but whether you're a fan
hater or just looking to learn something
new I hope you can open your mind up and
take a journey with me down the wild
history of one of my favorite genres of
music black metal
our story begins in the early 1980s with
the English band venom influenced by
prominent heavy metal and punk bands
from the 70s including Black Sabbath
Motorhead and The Sex Pistols venom
would arguably become the almighty
creator of the black metal genre
although today then it would be
considered a thrash metal or speed metal
band venom separated themselves from
their peers in many different ways
satanic and anti-christian imagery
something that had seen the light in the
middle of genre before but that's the
extent that venom portrayed along with
their leather and spike wardrobe
mythical aliases gritty production and
of course lyrical content would form the
basis of black metals aesthetic vibe and
message not to mention that the title of
venom sophomore album black metal would
become the name of the genre that would
begin to take shape in the following
years in 1983 the Swedish band Bathory
would form absorbing Venom's aesthetic
and expanding on their sound Bathory
would really begin to mold together the
familiar musical basis of black metal
this is shown by high-pitched raspy
vocals and later on a sense of
atmosphere
this should be noted that although
Bathory and venom used satanic
references heavily they were not
Satanist themselves Bathory in
particular used Satanism as a way to
provoke an attack Christianity from a
different angle
in the late 1980s Bathory would disband
their satanic references in favor of
paganism influenced by their
Scandinavian heritage ideologically
speaking this sense of nationalism or
being an important influence in the
second wave of black metal other bands
that should be highlighted during the
proto years of black metal include hell
hammer later on to be known as Celtic
Frost merciful fate and many others but
due to black metal not being a
particular musical style yet the rise of
death metal and the ongoing force of
thrash metal overshadowed the potential
genre into obscurity this would be until
infamous events in the coming future
would change just that
the second wave of black metal was an
extremely serious faction and at the
front most of this underground movement
was none other than mayhem mayhem was
not only the driving force in the
Norwegian scene but the darkest most
violent Ingraham compared to any other
Bay at the time
Mayhem's vocalist dead was the first to
use corpse paint seriously and now is a
gimmick that metal bands had done in the
past former members of mayhem expressed
that dead really wanted to look like a
corpse and did so to match how he felt
inside he did not see himself as human
would cut himself constantly and had
visions of his blood frozen in his veins
he genuinely wanted to be dead and saw
himself as so euronymous Mayhem's lead
guitarist was a central figure in
Norwegian black metal as he opened a
record shop and started a record label
in the beginning of the movement and is
also credited as one of the creators of
the typical black metal riff as
mentioned before the Norwegian black
metal scene was a serious movement and
this was soon be apparent as
murder-suicide and sacred destruction
would begin to rain terror
the black metal scene in Norway would
begin to absorb the nationalistic wave
as members of multiple Norwegian black
metal groups and others who bitterly
opposed Christianity sought out to
spread terror and fear burning down over
50 Christian churches the media took
this as satanic doings branding the
second wave a so and the eyes the public
in 1991 dead decided to live up to his
name as he committed suicide by shooting
himself on the head with a shotgun in
his suicide no he stated excuse the
blood and this is a dream and soon I
will awake Euronymous was the first to
find Dead's body and before going to the
authorities took photos of Dead's corpse
and use fragments of a school to make
necklaces and since Doron Anissa wanted
the genre to grow he used Dead's death
as black metal promotion the image of
dead suicide would later be used as a
cover of Mayhem's bootleg live album
dawn in the black hearts Euronymous will
soon find his fate as well but in a
different way as varg vikernes sole
member of Burzum and former member of
mayhem murdered him in 1993 vari was
charged with murder and convicted of
three church burnings being sentenced to
21 years in prison but released after 15
with parole Varg would later say that
the murder was in self-defense as
euronymous had already had plans a
torturer murder him and that he also did
not participate in any of the church
burnings Varg solo project Burzum was
another prominent band in the norwegian
scene in 1992 Burzum signed with
euronymous 'as record label their
bruising wood released his self-titled
debut album
while incarcerated Burzum would continue
to release albums but with the barge
only able to use a synthesizer behind
bars he instead produced dark ambient
albums black metal albums released by
Burzum during this time were pre prison
recorded material that was just released
much later on all of which provided an
extremely raw lo-fi sound rich with
atmosphere
other bands that paved the way during
the second wave include Satyricon
Woolever darkthrone immortal Gorgoroth
emperor as well as many others with the
genres distinct molded formula now in
place and the infamous events that now
surrounded it the exclusivity desires
genre would quickly reach areas that no
one would have imagined
with the expansion of black metal
reaching many different European
countries and eventually the West bands
decided to take a step back from the
chaos and focus on the music while bands
like mutilation and dark funerals stayed
faithful to true cult many different
subgenres were created all of which
focused on particular black metal
characteristics over others D s BM or
depressive suicidal black metal was a
sub-genre that distinguished itself from
the traditional anti Christianity themes
in favor of nihilism isolation hatred
death depression and suicide this was
heavily inspired by the second wave
including the 1994 albums day mr. Astana
Satanist by mayhem and Vees Lissette
Taro's by Burzum American DSP M artists
like disaster in Leviathan are two
perfect examples that come out of the
sub-genre atmospheric black metal is
another sub-genre and although all black
metal has a sense of atmosphere ABM
focuses heavily on creating one ABM
bands will usually set the mood through
their cover art displaying foggy
landscapes contrasting from the corpse
paint covers usually seen in traditional
black metal bulk black metal fuses black
metal with the country's traditional
folk music each country tends devasting
traditional sound therefore additional
instruments use will depend where
abandons from for example Norwegian band
Oliver incorporates classical guitars
cellos and choral chamber chants which
is highly influenced by a Scandinavian
folk tales of music
American band panopticon fuses bluegrass
and Appalachian folk with black metal
featuring banjos fiddles bells and much
more in his music
symphonic black metal incorporates
symphonic and orchestral elements for
bands like dimmu borgir and ceremonial
castings this may include the usage of
instruments found in symphony orchestras
in cleaner sounds including theatrical
vocals and guitars with less distortion
not seen as a distinct sub-genre n s BM
or national socialistic black metal was
a politicized movement inspired by VAR g
SI as written during his imprisonment
there's a pretty short list of bands
that have taken the label of NS BM
though mostly due to the fact that
they're essentially saying they're
fucking Nazis and the movement has been
highly criticized and rejected by other
black metal artists even Vargas came out
to say he was naive and his views did
not reflect National Socialism even
though he still does land pretty far
right on the spectrum today there are
many other types of music that fused
black metal with other metal genres
including blackened death metal
blackened doom metal Viking metal and
much more
while black meddlesome the day after in
the late 1990s and has seen a bit of a
revival in recent years some original
black metal artists like mayhem continue
to make albums today but the music
doesn't seem to pack the same punch on a
mainstream level atmospheric black metal
is ever-growing with the occasional true
cold bands popping up now and again in
2005 French musician nish and his band
all cest released les sucre an EP which
featured elements of black metal and
shoegaze
influenced by atmospheric black metal
and nonmetal genres like neoclassical
dark wave and post-punk
the lighter melodies and vocals of
shoegaze esque Chandra's combined with
the heavier sounds of black metal formed
a more mellow and dreamy soundscape in
2006 measure would release ruins humans
and EP with his other band m-seal
this would form the complete sound in
what is now known as black gaze a
movement within what people call post
black metal making waves in the
underground for sometime black aids
would finally begin to see prominent
success thanks to the American band
death Heaven's 2013 release son baby
receiving Universal critical acclaim
sunbather was ranked number one at
Metacritic best albums of 2013 as well
as top spots in Rolling Stone
pitchfork Stereogum and the AV club's
list other bands like liturgy ghost bath
funeral bloom and altar of plagues
continue to add progressive elements to
black metal today but with any movement
comes a fair share of backlash and in
this case mostly by elite black metal
fans dubbing the style as happy black
metal and hipster black metal they
believe it as a spit in the face of the
genre as a whole since it is a rejection
of what makes black metal black metal
while some bands truly respect the genre
and draw inspiration from in order to
push boundaries other bands like in the
case of liturgies frontman see
themselves above it and play close
attention to their uniqueness as a
person who is musically open-minded I
find myself enjoying a lot of post black
metal music but I also feel like artists
should generally respect those who came
before them the ones who inspired many
people to progress the genre to the
stage it currently is at so to you black
metal elitist I ask you to use these
words such as poser when appropriate and
lighten up on the new scene just a bit
black metal is a great Jean root of
music but it can't stay true forever the
new movement isn't going away anytime
soon so you can either listen to that
Transylvanian hunger album for the 500
time this month or try something new but
hey if you can't no biggie because
there's some great stuff coming out of
the atmospheric an ambient scene that I
know you'll like...
you

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